صفحه اصلی » آرشیو موضوعی » آموزش » Oil, Gas Glossary » Petroleum Terms

A-B

A Accommodation Platform/Rig An offshore platform, or semi-submersible rig, built or adapted to provide living quarters for drilling and production personnel. Acreage Land leased for oil and gas exploration and development; usually descriptive of more than one lease. Additive A term used generally to indicate special chemicals that may be added to products to improve …

C

C Cap Rock An impervious layer of rock that overlies a reservoir rock, thus preventing hydro- carbons from escaping to the surface. Capillaries The minute spaces, cracks or pores in rock through which hydrocarbon fluids move in response to natural forces. Capping Tightly closing a well so that oil or natural gas cannot escape. Carbon …

D

D Debottlenecking Increasing production capacity of existing facilities through the modification of existing equipment to remove throughput restrictions. Debottlenecking generally increases capacity for a fraction of the cost of building new facilities. Decommission To remove from service. Deep-Water Discovery An offshore discovery located in at least 600 feet of water. Delineation Well A well drilled …

E-H

E Effluent Waste liquid, gas or vapor that results from petroleum and chemical processing. EmTRAC Emergency Training and Response Action Centers. Two specially designed communications and emergency vehicles operated by the Red Cross and sponsored by Phillips. EmTRAC was developed after the Oklahoma City bombing to provide fast, mobile assistance in emergencies. Enhanced Oil Recovery …

I-M

I Improved Recovery Technology for increasing or prolonging the productivity of oil and gas fields. This is a special field of activity and research in the oil and gas industry. Injection Molding A plastics-forming process in which molten plastic is forced into a mold under pressure and allowed to solidify. Injection Well A well used …

N-Q

N Naphtha A colorless liquid product of petroleum distillation that is used as a manufacturing solvent, a dry-cleaning fluid and a gasoline-blending stock. National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska A petroleum province west of the Prudhoe Bay Field and south of Point Barrow on the North Slope of Alaska, consisting of millions of acres set aside and held …

R-S

R Reactor A vessel, tank or tower in which a specific chemical reaction takes place. Recoverable Reserves That proportion of the oil and/or gas in a reservoir that can be removed using currently available techniques. Recycling The process undertaken to regain material for human use. To reuse; to make ready for reuse. Refinery A plant …

T-Z

T Tail Gas A sulfur recovery unit’s residue gas; any processing unit’s gaseous exhaust that is treated as residue. Tank Farm A number of petroleum tanks that are operated together as a depot in oil storage and distribution activities. TAPS Abbreviation for Trans-Alaska Pipeline System, the line from Prudhoe Bay on the North Slope to …