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A-B

Aftermarket Conversion A standard, conventionally fueled, factory-produced vehicle to which equipment has been added that enables the vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel. Alcohols (CH3-(CH2)n-OH) The family name of a group of organic chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The series of molecules vary in chain length and are composed of a …

C

Carbon Cycle All reservoirs and fluxes of carbon; usually thought of as a series of the four main reservoirs of carbon interconnected by pathways of exchange. The four reservoirs, regions of the Earth in which carbon behaves in a systematic manner, are the atmosphere, terrestrial biosphere (usually includes freshwater systems), oceans, and sediments (includes fossil …

Dedicated Vehicle A vehicle designed to operate solely on one alternative fuel. Diesel Fuel A complex mixture of hydrocarbons with a boiling range between approximately 350 and 650 degrees Fahrenheit. Diesel fuel (simply referred to as “diesel”) is composed primarily of paraffins and naphthenic compounds that auto-ignite from the heat of compression in a diesel …

L-N

Light Duty Vehicles Automobiles and trucks having a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 8,500 pounds. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas that has been refrigerated to temperatures at which it exists in a liquid state. Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) Propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene produced at refineries or natural gas …

O-Z

Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM’s) Vehicle manufacturers that provide the original design and materials for assembly and manufacture of their product. They are directly responsible for manufacturing and modifying vehicles, making the vehicles commercially available, and providing a warranty for the finished product. Oxygenated Fuel Any fuel substance containing oxygen (includes oxygen-bearing compounds such as ethanol …